Recycling: the why,how and where in Bahrain

Info page on recycling resources in Bahrain

About  Bahrain

Bahrain, which means “two seas,” is an archipelago of 33 small islands and enjoys a strategic location in the Arabian Gulf midway between the Qatar peninsula and Saudi Arabia in the Persian ( Arabian) Gulf .

 Bahrain is divided into five governates : Capital, Central, Muharraq, Northern and Southern.

The islands for the most part are level expanses of sand and rock. A causeway connects Bahrain to Saudi Arabia.

Two seas refers to the presence of  fresh water springs beneath saltwater oceans; in some places, one can actually dive beneath the layer of saltwater and get to the fresh water underneath.


This sweet water not only made it habitable- The Dilmun civilization flourished here for millennium , on trade routes linking Mesopatania with India- it aided the formation of particularly lustrous pearls, Bahrain's main source of income in the days before oil.

Bahrain was the first Arab country to export oil. It was discovered in 1931, and first exported three years later.

The middle picture is Ain Adhari in the 1950's a favorite place for locals to go to and refresh themselves in the hot weather.

 The right is how it is now. No more natural water spring, the water level is so low that it all dried up mainly due to  demand for groundwater by the increasing population.

Population 1950: 109. 650 of which 18. 471 (18%) where foreigners

In 2011, Bahrain's population was estimated to have grown to 1,195,020  out of which more than 610,332 (51%) were non-nationals up from the estimated population of 516,458 (188,232 non-nationals 32%) in 1992.

Please note that these are estimated population numbers these might not reflect the accurate number as the last population consensus was in 2001.


Though majority of the population is ethnically Arab, a sizable number of people from South Asia live in the country.

In 2013, approximately 350,000 Indian nationals lived in Bahrain, making them the single largest expatriate community in the country

 While Arabic is Bahrain’s official language, English is widely spoken, especially for business purposes.

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Known in ancient times as Dilmun or Tylos (Greek), Bahrain was an important center of trade by the 3rd millennium B.C.


The islands were ruled by the Persians in the 4th century A.D., and then by Arabs until 1541, when the Portuguese invaded them. Persia again claimed Bahrain in 1602. In 1783 Ahmad Ibn al-Khalifa took over, and the Al-Khalifa's remain the ruling family today.

Bahrain became a British protectorate in 1820. It did not gain full independence until Aug. 14, 1971.

Although oil was discovered in Bahrain in the 1930s, it was relatively little compared to other Gulf states, and the wells are expected to be the first in the region to dry up.

Sheik Isa Bin Sulman Al-Khalifa, who became emir in 1961, was determined to diversify his country's economy, and he set about establishing Bahrain as a major financial center.

The country provides its people with free medical care, housing, education, and old-age pensions.

The emir, Sheik Isa Bin Sulman al-Khalifa, died in 1999 after four decades of rule. 


He was succeeded by his son, Sheik Hamad Bin Isa Al-Khalifa, who gave himself the title of king but also began a sweeping democratization of the country: censorship has been relaxed and draconian laws repealed, exiles have been repatriated, and the stateless Bidoons have been granted citizenship.

In a February 2001 referendum, which permitted women to vote for the first time, Bahraini's overwhelmingly supported the transformation of the traditional monarchy into a constitutional one.

In October 2002, Bahrain had its first parliamentary election since 1973.

In 2006, the U.S. and Bahrain signed a free-trade agreement.

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Bahraini MP's "proposals"

Unfortunately since the re-introduction of democracy in Bahrain it seems that the esteemed Gentlemen MP's are coming up with ever stranger and wilder "proposals" and statements.
As one clearly can see there are many seats during the weekly sessions that are unoccupied 
however they get full pay while the common Bahraini they claim to represent gets their salary docked when not showing up for work (they are loud and verbally abusive to each other - while some even don't shy away from pushing a member of the chamber)
Don't forget they are not laws (yet) and probably never will be.

Since in his infinite wisdom our kind King has created a much needed buffer in the form of the Shura Council.

This guarantees a wider representation of society in the Council and provides a higher participation of skilled, qualified and specialized members which is essential in meeting the national development requirements.

» Bahrain's capital Manama was ranked eight in the top ten vice cities «

They voiced their unbelieving and of course blamed it on "foreigners".

In a way I have to agree, since the opening of the Causeway our "pious" Gulf Arabic neighbors seem to like to come and visit.

And since every business is based on the principle of demand and offer many vice related businesses have mushroomed all around Bahrain in literally every neighborhood.

Blaming the Asian and Western guest workers is always the easiest, however that is short-sighted  as well as wrong, the first could not afford to make use of services offered and most Western workers have families with them. (although it seems that prices start from 3BHD!)

Allowing the lower paid workers the opportunity to have their families here too will stop the out pour of Billions of dinars per year send to their loved ones at home.

By letting them enjoy the company of their loved ones and give them the opportunity to see their children grow up, money would have to be spend on housing, schooling, health-care and food in Bahrain. Money that now flows out of Bahrain!

» Their "urgent" requests and demands with regard to the running of Gulf Air: Bahrain's National Airline «

It started off with the demand of a total alcohol ban on board all (international also) flights.
The demand of  firing  key personnel.
And input on how Gulf Air should be run!
Now whom of our esteemed gentlemen has the experience to take on this job?
They seem to have plenty of spare time since most weekly sessions many are absent.

» Banning of Alcohol in hotels and restaurants irrespectively of their location being in a previous no-residential area «

And there goes # 2 income for Bahrain.
Banning anything is taking away our freedom of choice, which is guaranteed to us according to the Bahrain constitution

» Banning the import, sale or possession of Pork «

All resources of our beautiful earth was created to benefit mankind, so somewhere in the scheme of things they are also created to that effect.

Muslims don't eat pork, however our guest workers do.
Most butchers are Asian. However I can imaging that cashiers don't want to handle this.
Seeing as that most products are sold in a quarantined section, let them pay there, so the Muslim staff  has not issue with it.
Make things easy sir's not try to make Bahrain yet again laughing stock.

Contribution to medicine and other fields by porkers:

One is using insulin-making pig islets to bolster the insulin levels of people with type 1 diabetes, something routinely done in at least one hospital in Mexico City. In the last five years, about 40 patients at Children's Hospital of Mexico have received the pig islet transplants. Some of them have significantly reduced their insulin intake, said spokeswoman Isis Casanova.

Another project would use pig hearts in people with severe heart failure instead of mechanical pumps.

» Clampdown on homo-sexuals «

The American Academy of Pediatrics has stated that "sexual orientation probably is not determined by any one factor but by a combination of genetic, hormonal, and environmental influences".

They also  stated that "there are probably many reasons for a person's sexual orientation and the reasons may be different for different people". It stated that, for most people, sexual orientation is determined at an early age,"to date there are no replicated scientific studies supporting any specific biological etiology for homosexuality

Similarly, no specific psychosocial or family dynamic cause for homosexuality has been identified, including histories of childhood sexual abuse"

Research into how sexual orientation may be determined by genetic or other prenatal factors plays a role in political and social debates about homosexuality, and also raises fears about genetic profiling and parental testing.

As long as judges apply the law (Sharia) according to their personal interpretation of it, and we don't not have laws to protect the most vulnerable in our society (foreigners, women and children) this will be so open to abuse to(untouchable) vengeful people.

Why are there different sentences and fines for the same crime accorded to nationality?

  • We need to stop the tsunami of drugs that are flooding Bahrain.
  • Stop smuggling in of weapons and bullets.
  • Respect and dignity for those that serve and take care of us
  • Obeying laws by increasing fines to levels so that it hurts them in their pockets, regardless of nationality.
  • Affordable housing for all with fines for unscrupulous landlords that increase rents illegally even in the middle of contract by more than 5%.
    Allowing poorer foreign families to stay together right here in Bahrain.
  • Minimum wage based on age, experience and/or diploma's regardless of nationality as many countries worldwide have applied with great success. Benefits like schooling and housing should also be granted across the board, by making a huge difference between benefits accorded to nationality no wonder there is no loyalty to the company
  • Community projects for the people by the people, by contributing to the development of your neighborhoods you feel closer to your neighbors.
  • Community work for unemployed persons (enjoying a free holiday with allowance sitting at home), and those many out there that are truly searching for jobs:  realize that everything in life starts with the first move or step.
Present time

Environmental issues:

Desertification resulting from the degradation of limited arable land.

Arable land (hectares) in Bahrain was last measured at 1360 in 2011, according to the World Bank

Periods of drought, and dust storms; coastal degradation (damage to coastlines, coral reefs, and sea vegetation) resulting from oil spills and other discharges from large tankers, oil refineries, and distribution stations.

Lack of freshwater resources (groundwater and seawater are the only sources for all water needs)

In 1981 the surface area of Bahrain was 665.3sq km. "By the end of 2012, it was recorded at 760 sq km. This is an increase of 95 sq km in 30 years." And still reclamation is going on.

"This 14.3% expansion is due to sea reclamation, mainly for housing and industrial developments."

The number of islands that make up Bahrain's archipelago as of the end of last year were 96 islands

 33 natural and 63 artificial.

Damage to marine environment due to reclaiming the reefs and sea for billion dollars  freehold housing projects that are aimed  at foreigners as they are beyond and above what the local population can afford.

The government first unveiled the Northern Town plans in 2000 but people are still languishing on housing waiting lists dating back up to 15 years

Work on the first phase of 530 units, funded by Kuwait through the GCC aid package, is nearing completion
Original plans for the town include houses for 100,000 people, in addition to schools, universities, hospitals, public parks and other facilities.

Population growth and industrial development have reduced the amount of agricultural land and lowered the water table, leaving aquifers vulnerable to saline contamination.

In recent years, the government has attempted to limit extraction of groundwater (in part by expansion of seawater desalinization facilities) and to protect vegetation from further erosion.

In 1994, 100% of Bahrain's urban dwellers and 57% of the rural population had pure water.

Bahrain has developed its oil resources at the expense of its agricultural lands. (2.82% (2000) 1.79% (2011)arable land)

As a result, lands that might otherwise be productive are gradually claimed by the expansion of the desert.

Pollution from oil production was accelerated by the Persian Gulf War and the resulting damage to oil-producing facilities in the Gulf area, which threatened the purity of both coastal and ground water, damaging coastlines, coral reefs, and marine vegetation through oil spills and other discharges.

The nuclear facility in (Bushehr) Iran will contribute also to pollution of the Arabian Gulf with catastrophic result for Bahrain as it is our sole source of water .

The wildlife sanctuary (Al Areen Wildlife park and Reserve) was established in 1980 and is home to threatened Gulf species, including the Arabian oryx, gazelle, zebra, giraffe, Defassa waterbuck, addax, and lesser kudu.

Bahrain has also established captive breeding centers for falcons and for the rare Houbara bustard. The goitered gazelle, the greater spotted eagle, and the green sea turtle are considered endangered species.

However the sanctuary's size is heavily reduced due to the building of Al Areen Resort which covers an area of 30 million square meters.


Environment - international agreements

party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands, Geographical Information System (GIS) for Environmental Monitoring.

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